Why is Jammu still burning ? Is it a Hindu intefada? Is it because of political apathy towards Jammu, and the voice of the minority in JnK, Is it because of the attitude of the Governor, the State leadership and the attitude of PDP and other parties like the NC and Communists and Central govt in placating the very vocal separatists like the Hurriyat and the radical bunch in the Valley, eyeing vote banks before elections ?
Is it a reaction to the communalist attitude of the sucular parties and the inactive, in hibernation Central govt that is feerful of taking a stand ?
Image via SIFY News/ PTI
It is now weeks since the uprising started, and it is not just a political struggle – its a mass movement and people are out on the streets be it the doctors, lawyers, businessmen or the common man. Hindus are upset and it is showing…There is an unofficial emergency- see pics of the clampdown inside Jammu at the Kashmir blog
On Monday, the police, clueless as to how to handle the situation and directed by an inspector general of police who is an outsider, shot at protesters in Samba. They did not shoot to injure or scare away the crowds chanting slogans against Governor N N Vohra and waving the national tricolour. They shot to kill by aiming their guns at the protesters’ heads.
What we are witnessing in Jammu is a Hindu intifada: The young and old, men and women, youth and children are locked in an unequal battle with the police — and, since Friday, the army — demanding the immediate revocation of the government order cancelling the transfer of 800 kanals of land to the Sri Amarnath Shrine Board. The land was meant for creating temporary facilities for pilgrims who trek to the Amarnath shrine every year, braving inclement weather and jihadi attacks.
Years of neglect of Jammu by Kashmir has resulted in what you are seeing today. The people are frustrated. The Pandits have at last found a platform to vent their anger. Jammu has more people than Kashmir, but the lion’s share always goes to the valley,” says Professor Hari Om.
Most people in the annals of power and the English press forget that the state of Jammu and Kashmir or what remains of it also contain predominantly Hindu Jammu and the predominantly Buddhist Ladakh including shia majority Kargil.
See the Jammu and Kashmir map for more and for exactly why Pakistan wants Kashmir by checking out the proximity of Islamabad to the actual international border never mind the religious undertones for its justification.
This country has a weird status quo thanks to Article 370
The article is the main cause of the JNK problem and has successfully kept the state in a shell, one that has allowed its valley dominated constituent assembly to dictate terms to the minority Jammu and Ladakhi citizens.
Persons who are not permanent residents are second-class citizens in the State. Despite being citizens of India, they do not have equal rights in several matters. They suffer serious discrimination. For example, they are disqualified from registering on the electoral rolls under Section 12 (b) of the Jammu and Kashmir Representation of the People Act. Section 4 of the Land Alienation Act prohibits transfer of lands to any person who is not a State subject. Rule 17(a) of the Jammu and Kashmir Civil Service Rules provides for appointment by direct recruitment only to those who are permanent residents.
Though the Grandson of the Shekh, the MP Omar Abdullah made all the right noises in the Parliament, history has shown how the state assembly in JNK has acted quite the contrary.
Read J&K: legalised discrimination
Resettlement of Pakistani refugees wobbles Kashmir coalition
and about the targeted anti Women, anti Pundit law…
THE JAMMU and Kashmir Permanent Residents (Disqualification) Bill 2004
The major reason for the current serious problem in Kashmir has been the separate status for the state. The Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir had acceded to India on October 26,1947 without any condition which was as wise a step as other rulers and Nawabs had taken. Why was accession then declared temporary at that stage? The Government of India appointed Governors in all the states but in Jummu and Kashmir an Agent was posted. Restrictions were imposed on travel from and into Jammu and Kashmir and the permit system was introduced which was not prevalent in any part of the country. In addition to this the state was kept under the Ministry of External Affairs by delinking it from the Ministry of Home Affairs and one Secretary was kept incharge of the state. The seeds of separatism were sown then. Not only this, the state’s trade Agents were posted in Delhi, Amritsar and Pathankot.
Besides this, the Government of India gave special powers to the State and the State Government. These special powers had not been given to any other State. In Jammu and Kashmir powers were given to the Government to frame its own constitution. Permission was given to have Sadar-i-Riyasat in place of Governor and to hoist National Conference flags, instead of the National flag, on the Government buildings. At that time the Finance Commission and the Election Commission had no jurisdiction in the State. No Central law could be applied to the State. The Government of India paid no attention to its dangerous consequences. The Government of India set up a Radio Station in Jammu and Kashmir but instead of naming it All India Radio, Srinagar, or Jammu, it was christened Radio Kashmir Srinagar and Radio Kashmir Jammu.
Jawaharlal Nehru had unbounded faith in Sheikh Abdullah. But how the time takes a turn The same Sheikh was arrested on August 9, 1953 and jailed. He remained in the wilderness for 21 years during which he delivered objectionable speeches. When he was released on August 8, 1964 he told a massive public rally in Jammu that “our accession to India is temporary and it had ceased. We demand right of self-determination so that people can decide their future”.
. Separatism is not the result of poverty and backwardness. The problem has roots in religious attitudes and inclinations. Had political and economic inequalities been the cause of separatism, it should have first spread to Jammu and Ladakh when these two regions have been kept backward under a definite plan. In the intoxication of appeasement of the Muslims the Government of India always butchered the legal rights of the people of Jammu. It closed its eyes towards the development of Jammu and Ladakh and focussed its attention towards the Kashmir valley. The dirty politics of votes encouraged anti-national forces in Kashmir. The result is that Kashmir is seemingly becoming a land of religious fundamentalism.
From my archival post On Article 370
The accession of the States, brought about the irrevocable unification of the Princely States with the State of India, irrespective of whether they accepted to become a part of any future constitutional organisation of India. The integration of Jammu and Kashmir into the State of India was, therefore, brought about by the accession of the State to India and not by Article 370.
Evidently, Article 370 was not in any way connected with the so-called autonomy of the State. In fact, it placed the State outside the federal structure of India, the federal division of powers between the Union and the States and the jurisdiction of the federal judiciary, including its power of judicial review, which guaranteed the autonomous identity of the States in India.
The oft-repeated assertion that Article 370 was an enabling act, was politically motivated and used by successive State governments to perpetuate the unrestricted power to rule by decree, vested in them, by Article 370. Plenary powers would vest in the Constituent Assembly a veto not only on all constitutional relationships between the Jammu and Kashmir State and the Union of India, but also on its accession to India.
Read Lavkare The resident non-Indians’ take on J&K