Budget 2019 What matters most

Too many promises and lots of ideas but how and when will budget ideas be implemented and more importantly how will it be funded is a big ?? because funding is depending on private partnership. Secondly this budget is filled with contradictory goals

The govt wants 90000 crores from RBI , is going to borrow more and substantially enough that it wants to borrow sovereign debt in foreign funds .

Too much populism and mismanagement can make India another Pakistan and Argentina is a big big risk when governments depend on external debt to finance deficits in the distant future.

Budget is very Inflationary ! u will pay more excise and government earns more cess of at least 40000 crores vide oil tax on petrol and diesel. Expect everything to face inflation or mehengai tax even if there is no or little change in normal taxes.

Huge push on reviving a property market with more deduction of 150000 but middle class is over saturated with having empty second and third flats that they are unable to sell .  Model tenancy law will be revolutionary if it can meander through the complex and archaic legal system and free up locked empty houses for use thus increasing supply of rentable property, making postponing a property purchase more lucrative.

There is a big push for govt to recapitalize psu banks 70000 crores is huge but will the npa ko evergreen karo, ji mantri ji, chalta hai and corruption culture of babus in banks change ? will politicians meddling in banks and creating massive NPAs stop ? Essar RCom Kingfisher and Jet Air , N Modi are salient examples of crony capitalism.

INDIRA Gandhi had nationalized banks . The PSU banks have become bankrupt thrice received bailouts to keep them afloat  since then, showing the desperation of Rulers /mantris to control the strings of the economy.

Farmers and psu banks are good candidates for permanent bailouts. How do i become a farmer or a psu staffer ??

The markets are crashing as Modi govt policy reminds it of the Indira Era.

Govt has a disinvestment target of 105000 crores and wants to increase public shareholding to 35% but govt holdings will include PSU and LIC holdings (what hypocrisy).

The govt spells out vide policy to small investors – dont invest in PSU cos as it will keep dis-investing while keeping control .. an unmitigated disastrous way of destroying taxpayer and investor wealth. Wonder who will invest when even UPA era disinvestment is in losses . Atal era disinvestment candidates like  ONGC etc will be in losses very soon the way the govts want to milk them.

Govt wants to lay the red carpet for foreign funds but fails to understand that the local small investor is suffering and bleeding .

Govt it seems, want to incentivize the rich to QUIT India and follow Gandhi bapus advise , as it increases taxes on the rich with added cess .

Gold purchases will fall as u pay 2.5 % more,  Excise / Cess on oil will make more problems for Automakers which are already a all time lows .

Tax of 20% on buyback is ridiculous especially when govt reintroduced LTCG .

This will make a huge impact on investor psyche especially because the policy is shifting towards Indira era policy.

Excise / Cess on oil will make more problems for Automakers which are already a all time lows .

 

 

 

 

 

Rbi cuts rates , markets down

Markets  know everything ..  After an initial pop the bank nifty and markets are down from day highs … A new RBI GOV who gave a rate cut at the worst possible time just before summer comes bringing along food inflation, has made pundits uncomfortable, that when data from govt body’s is very suspect , there is a leak of a draft stats report on poor job growth and there is deeper scrutiny at govts way of working and 2 resignations at govt data body and

there is an old song that i remember from such a situation

Budget 2019 Vote on account what matters most.

Budget math doesnt add up  .. it seldom does in India

The fisc deficit is more than 4.5 % of gdp say some pundits especially considering state govt loan mafis and schemes like raytu bandhu and nrega

When lawyers become FM fiscal math jugglery is a given.. like PC had used oil bonds and other tools to hide deficits ,, this govt has used small savings to lend to Air India , PSU ETF and LIC to fund IDBI and its disinvestment  etc which is putting small savers and lic policyholders and pension funds and eventually the taxpayer at a huge risk .

Inflationary.. please all budget .. RBI will have hands full dealing with inflationary impact

BUDGET 2019 Vote on account

1. Within 2 years, Tax assessment will be done electronically no manual intervention.
2. IT returns to be processing in just 24 hours and Refund given.
3. Minimum 14% revenue of GST to states by Central Govt.
4. Tax free Gratuity limit increase to 20 Lakhs from 10 Lakhs
5. No Taxes vide rebate us 87A upto 5 lakh annual income after all deductions.
6. INDL Income upto 6.5 lakhs  after deductions tax free
7. Standard deduction has increase from 40000 to 50000
8. Ceiling Limit of TDS u/s 194A has increased from 10000 to 40000

HAPPY BUILDER LOBBY and multiple home owners

8. No tax on second self-occupied house
9. Recommendations to GST council for reducing GST rates for home buyers
10. Ceiling Limit of TDS u/s 194I has increased from 180000 to 2400000. Ceiling Limit of TDS u/s 194I has increased from 180000 to 240000
11. Capital tax exemption u/s 54 has increased to reinvestment in two residential houses.
12. Benefit u/s 80IB has increased to one more year i.e. 2020
13. Benefit has given to unsold inventory has increased to one year to two years.

 

 

GENERAL Budget provisions

14. State share has increased to 42%
15. PCA restriction has abolished from 3 major banks
16. 2 lakhs seats will increase for the reservation of 10%
17. 60000 crores for manrega
18. 1.7 Lakh crore to ensure food for all
19. 22nd AIIMS has to be opened in Haryana
20. Approval has to be given to PM Kisan Yojana
21. Rs. 6000 per annum has to be given to every farmer having upto 2 hectare land. Applicable from Sept 2018. Amount will be transferred in 3 installments
22. National kamdhenu ayog for cows. Rs. 750 crores for National Gokul Mission
23. 2% interest subvention for farmers pursuing animal husbandry and also create separate department for fisheries.
24. 2% interest subvention for farmers affected by natural calamities and additional 3% interest subvention for timely payment.
25.Custom duty has abolished from 36 Capital Goods
26. Bonus will be applicable for workers earning 21000 monthly
27. The scheme, called Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Mandhan, will provide assured monthly pension of Rs. 3,000 with contribution of Rs. 100 per month for workers in unorganized sector after 60 years of age.
28. Our government delivered 6 crores free LPG connections under Ujjawala scheme
29. 2% interest relief for MSME GST registered person
30. 26 weeks of Maternity Leaves to empower the women
31. More than 3 Lakhs crores for defence
32. Custom duty has abolished from 36 Capital Goods
33. Single window for approval of India film makers

 

Starting a Composting Earthworm bin

Composting thru earthworms or Vermi composting is a fun activity especially if there are kids involved . You also get the best compost for your plants  It is a great way to dispose off ur organic waste and reduce ur garbage,

Most Fresh kitchen waste or manure needs to decompose or age a bit before the worms will touch it. Heat from a compost pile can boil an egg, it will kill worms and fresh food scraps + composting bacteria = heat 

You are better off starting with  regular composting then feeding the half done  50 to 75 % done compost to your worms so as not to kill them or have a two or 3 bin approach to ensure that u dont kill worms and keep rotating,

Regular composting  (Stage 1):  Prefer to use earthen pots with small holes to let air in.Plastic mesh baskets are good composters too

Wet kitchen waste (Nitrogen) 1 part to be layered with a composting culture + 3 parts dry items  like shredded paper / cardboard / dry leaves / cocopeat.

 Composting Culture : U can take a litre of warm water + a bit of yeast + 1 tea spoon molassis + Sour curd and / or Vermiwash / Cow / horse manure/  aged cow dung slurry . mix it well and add a bit to each layer to speed up composting (Readymade ones are also available.

Compost bed is ideally max 1.5 to 2 feet in height and 3 ft width

. In 20 days this compost changes color to dark brown and cools down significantly. Worms can be introduced to it with sufficient bedding . Depending upon quantity of worms u should have vermicompost in another 20 days appx … Thus a 2 or 3 bin method i think is best way of composting.

Worms generally love dark and damp beds , aged cow , goat or horse manure, semi done compost or half done compost , which wont heat up They need grit or egg shell powder or sand to digest .

Earthenware khambas,  pots , old large wooden drawers , glass fish tank with hole at the bottom , non rust metal crates and fine mesh bag are great home composters . plastic tubs with ventilation holes will also do the job.

Depending upon where u live you can choose the worms so u have a happy bin. Composting worms are different from regular earthworms as they live in the soil surface rather than deep underground.

Worms most suitable in tropical or hot and humid or sea side areas and grow well at a temperature of 24-30 °C (75-86 °F) and can survive 36°C

Eg Tropical  places with temperature of 12 – 38 °C  Most of Asian coastline , Indian coastline , Mumbai etc South east Asia = Phillipines, Indonesia, Malaysia etc South Americas Brazil etc

1. African Nightcrawlers (Eudrilus eugeniae

2. Indian or Malaysian Blueworms (Perionyx excavatus) may be used in the tropics and are available easily during the monsoon

Great worms for cooler places with temperature of 15 – 30 °C

1. Red wiggler or tiger worm (Eisenia fetida or Eisenia andrei)  are most used hardy worms that are favourite of most composters .

2.  European nightcrawlers (Eisenia hortensis)

The nightcrawlers which are also used as fish bait and the blueworms are more active and mobile and love to travel while red tigers are lazier. I dont reco using alabama jumpers and other invasive species

Earthworms are hermaphrodites, it has both male and female reproductive organs. Two worms join clitella, the large lighter-colored bands which contain the worms’ reproductive organs, and which are only prominent during the reproduction process. The two worms exchange sperm. Both worms may secrete cocoons size the of mustard seeds which contain an egg each. These cocoons are lemon-shaped and are pale yellow at first, becoming more brownish as the worms inside become mature. These cocoons are clearly visible to the naked eye.

Worm poop or Vermicast (also called worm castings, worm humus, worm manure, or worm feces) and worm tea or compost tea is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by earthworms.

great videos on composting

 

India Budget 2018 – What matters most !

When Lawyers become FMs the budgets are generally neither here nor there and Mr Jaitley is not so different from his predecessor .. Mr Chidambaram .

This budget is poor especially cause Pre elections 2014 , Arun Jaitley demanded Raise I-T slab to Rs 5 lakh! 

Lets start

TAX RATES 2017

Cost Inflation Index 2017

As there are more negatives than positives im just listing out things

  1. Fiscal deficit is at 3.5% of GDP at Rs 5.95 lakh crore in 2017-18 overshoots 3.2% estimated in previous budget.
  2. Projecting fiscal deficit to be 3.3% of GDP in the next fiscal likely to be overshot due to it being election year …
  3. The FM Jaitley has protected his own ie POLITICIANS with inflation linked increase in wage and incentives .
  4. Big pay hike for gaddi holders President gets at Rs 5 lakh, Rs 4 lakh for Vice President, Rs 3.5 lakh for governors.
  5. No cheer for aam admi as there is no change in slabs or rates while taxpayer pays 1% more in 4% health and education cess which will replace the education cess.
  6. No tax for super rich Crorepati agriculturalists with bentleys and mercs and swimming pools
  7. Vote bank politics : More Free gas connections in rural India . Good or bad ?. Sustainable or burden on salaried class ?  NREGA costs 45000 Cr + and there is corruption there ..India imports gas and oil… what rural India needs is biogass chulla, smokeless chulla and more efficient chulla, like philipino kalans that burns less wood or they will want free gas for life and spare time will go into increasing population !

General Points

  • Tax slab , tax rates remain unchanged .
  • You pay 1% more on everything 4% health and education cess  will replace the 3% education cess.
  • Long term Capital Gains Tax  reintroduced for gains above Rs 100000 ! LTCG of 10% without indexation for part profits earned after 1 Feb 2018 .
  • Short term capital tax at 15%, DDT at 10% above 10 lakhs dividend.
  • STT will continue to be deducted at old rates(Tds).
  • Standard deduction reintroduced only for Salary /Pensioner class of Rs 40000 in lieu of health and medical expenses (so benefit is 40 – 30 existing = Rs 10000 )
  • Standard deduction on Family pension ???
  • Excise on unbranded diesel cut by 2 rupees to 6.33 rupee/ltr, on petrol cut by 2 rupees to 4.48 rupee/ltr
  • Customs Duty on  mobile phones and televisions increased.
  • Social welfare surcharge of 10% on imported goods. Could cause food inflation as our MSP, land and labor laws make india uncompetitive in comparison to our south and south east asian neighbors !
  • All Railway stations with footfall of greater than 25,000 will have escalators.
  • 12,000 wagons, 5160 coaches and 700 locomotives being procured.

Measures for Senior citizens 

  • Exemptions in income of Rs 50,000 from Banks and post office FD  Rds etc
  • No no TDS on Fixed Deposits and Post Office deposits upto Rs 50,000.
  • Under Sec 80D. Senior C MEDICLAIM Exemption now Rs 50,000
  • Under Sec 80DDB Senior C Exemption now Rs 100,000
  •  8% Interest bearing LIC / Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana investment limit doubled to Rs 15 lakh.

Bloombergs analysis 

 

How to opt out of the HDFC Bank Preferred Banking Programme

HDFC bank uses underhand tactics which are unethical, to boost its revenue and to extract money from its account holders.

  1. Search –  Welcome to HDFC Bank Preferred Banking Programme! in ur email
  2. open that email
  3. Opt out of that program
  4. write an email to Talktous@hdfcbank.com and to ur RM and to ur bank manager.

u can also write a letter in duplicate and get a stamped copy if they dont comply .

hdfc.jpg

 

Canon Inkjet Printer troubleshooting

DONT DO THIS IF UR PRINTER IS UNDER WARRANTY … Just get it serviced by Canon

It works on most CANON Inkjet printers

Problem  The printer doesnt print properly ie character misalignment  / there are streaks or smudges if u switch on the printer after a while.

Solution: in Printer Properties / Maintenance go for a print head alignment and follow instructions  or try cleaning / deep cleaning and nozzle check.

CLEAN IT : What always works is  to use isopropyl alcohol with a cotton swab / tissue on the head and chip or keep the cartridge head in hot water for some time to free up the dried gunk … dry properly and then reinstall cartridge in its bay .

Canon printer error codes for technical errors 

4x orange 1x green or 8x orange 1x green : Problem printer absorber full

Solution: See if u can get the absorber sponges cleaned or replaced and Reset the printer using iptool115

5x orange 1x green or 7x orange 1x green : Cartridge not properly detected

Problem or Error : Black or Color cartridge not detecting / improperly installed / Black or Color cartridge is empty

Remove the cartridges, turn off the printer and clean and reinstall the cartridges. Switch on after some time. Then you can continue printing. Sometimes this doesn’t work. Printer cos make money on cartridge and losses on printers

When the color cartridge goes dry the printer sometimes stops detecting it and forces u to buy a new one which can be bypassed by resetting the chip on the cartridge.

Use IPtools 115 or any other specific tool.  FOLLOW EXACT SEQUENCE for results

  • Driver should have been install correctly and printer should be detected.
  • Connect USB cable. Disconnect power cable
  • Press and hold power button down then connect the power,green gets lit
  • Dont release the power button , press resume button for 2 times then release both power and resume button. Printer will start
  • Run  IPTOOLS115 , It will detect ur printer and show ink levels
  • Check if the correct printer series is detected and set it
  • Do what is neccessary ie reset ur black or color cartridge or reset waste ink counters or service the printer head or rollers
  • Now check if the ink levels are reset
  • Switch the printer off and turn it on after half a minute … and your printer should be working …

Indian Budget 2016, What matters most…

There were many an expectation from the Narendra Modi Govt ! The govt won on promises such as minimum government maximum governance but has been unable to change anything much on ground other than reducing corruption and improving administration in bits and pieces , and the fault lies squarely at its door as much as it does at the doors of the Opposition. .  the opposition parties with their obstruction tactics are no better as are the state Govts which want to pursue their own agendas don’t pretty much care about the economic interests of the nation. Thanks to the Pay commission and OROP hikes, which time will tell if the govt can afford..the fiscal situation even after big drop in oil prices is very tight

The Economic climate world over is bad as Govts push for negative rates as they lack cannon fodder to boost or pump up their economies , while there has been back to back droughts in India. Watch the govt expenses and fiscal and monetary deficit figures.

Lets see what this budget brings to us !

The Good

NO CHANGE IN FISCAL DEFICIT @ 3.5%

NO CHANGE IN LTCG TAX

Gains on a listed security attract no income tax if it is held for the long term i.e. at least a year. But if it is sold within a year of purchase, the transaction attracts 15 per cent tax.

Multiple changes / reforms in tax mechanism to reduce litigation and discretion to tax officers.

U/S 87 Rebate of Rs 5000

  • For individuals having total income upto Rs 5 lakh (Up from Rs 2000)

U/S 80GG  Rebate of Rs 60000 for house rent paid.

(big lollipop that hardly benefits anyone considering conditions set)

  • Deduction is available to Individual Assessee only. (Up from 24000)
  • He has not received HRA(house rent allownace ) from his employer if he is a salaried person otherwise he should be self employed.
  • He has paid house rent for his own residence.
  • He or his spouse or his minor child or HUF(of which he has a member) should not have a residential house where he ordinarily resides or performs duties of his office or employment or carries on his business or profession;
  • He should not have a house owned by him, which is under his occupation and value of that is not being taken as nil under section 23(2)(a) or 23(4).
  • A declaration on Form 10BA should be submitted .

First time home buyers to get additional deduction of Rs 50,000 on interest for loan upto Rs 35 lakh

Withdrawal from NPS on maturity made tax-free upto 40%

A New Health Protection Scheme to provide health cover up to Rs.1 lakh per family announced National Dialysis Services Programme to be launched 3000 Stores to be opened under Prime Ministers Jan Aushadhi Yojana during 2016-17

The Bad 

NO CHANGES IN TAX SLABS !

EET ON EPF withdrawals

  • Lower amt set for Bank recapitalization at 25000 Crores
  • Vague on funding Pay commission and OROP.
  • Increase in tax on Cigarettes but not Biddis which is lopsided and helps politicians and cronys who own biddi factories.
  • The securities transaction tax (STT) on cash transactions has been maintained at 0.12 per cent. But STT on options trading has been increased to 0.05 per cent from 0.017 per cent earlier.
  • The Union Budget introduced a surcharge rise to 15% for incomes over Rs 1 crore
  •  The Budget proposed that in addition to the DDT paid by companies, tax at the rate of 10 per cent of gross amount of dividend will be payable by big recipients, such as individuals, HUFs and firms receiving dividend income in excess of Rs 10 lakh per annum.
  • 1% additional tax will be charged on luxury cars above Rs 10 lakh
  • The FM has proposed to cess of 1% on small petrol and CNG cars, 2.5% on diesel cars and 4% on SUVs and other high-end cars.

The Ugly

In a major upset to the middle class dependent on its pension funds for retirement as there is no Social Security net in this Nation is the EET Bomb on Pension funds.

This includes EPF , NPS and PPF ? wherein 60% of your deposit from April 1 2016 is to be taxed on withdrawal

This is a good budget for agri and farm sector if only money reaches them.

This is a bad or so so budget for middle class as the OROP and Pay commission hike will be inflationary for all and increase of tax free income for common man up to 3 lakhs and 4 lakh for seniors  was anticipated badly.

Infocus M2 vs Moto E2 vs Redmi 2 vs Lenovo A 6000 vs Yu Yureka

Infocus M2 specifications  Rs 4999 (limited offer snapdeal)

Moto E2 specifications               Rs 6999 on flipkart

 Lenovo A6000 specifications   Rs 6999 on flipkart

Redmi 2 8gb specifications        Rs 6999 on flipkart 

Yu specifications                         Rs 8999 on amazon.in

  • All these phones are Chinese Built and use good quality components
  • Specs and purchasability including screen size, Ram, processor etc generally improve as you go down the order. You could choose between yu and redmi2 16gb whenever it comes out
  • Infocus has the best selfi cam as it has a 8mp front cam with led and is built by the pc component maker foxconn.
  • Moto E2 is a Motorolla phone now owned by Chinese Pc maker Lenovo which also makes A6000.
  • Moto is a pure Android phone s0 you could get the fastest updates.
  • Lenovo A6000
  • Redmi2 also called Xiaomi Hongmi 2  is from xiaomi amongst the fastest growing Chinese Phone cos.
  • Yu is a venture by  Micromax owners
  • Yu has the best hardware on paper including camera, on the android platform using cyanogen mod it may have heat issues while gaming.